Scrum definition


This article provides an in-depth overview of the Scrum framework, explaining its key concepts, history, roles, ceremonies, and artifacts. It is aimed at readers who want to understand the fundamentals of Scrum and how it can be applied within organizations.

Introduction to Scrum

The article begins by highlighting the popularity of the Scrum framework as an agile project methodology in various companies. It clarifies that Scrum is not a method but a framework, and emphasizes the importance of using the term “framework” instead of “Scrum method.”

Scrum Definition

The article defines Scrum as an agile framework characterized by three main aspects:

  • Sprints and Events: It involves short iterations known as sprints, along with various events that structure the sprint lifecycle.
  • Key Roles: Scrum defines three pivotal roles – Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team.
  • Artifacts: Scrum uses artifacts like the Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, Increment, and Definition of Done to manage work and ensure transparency.

The article provides a brief overview of these aspects, setting the stage for a deeper exploration.

Origins of Scrum

The article delves into the history of Scrum, tracing its origins to the term’s appearance in the publication “The New New Product Development Game” by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka in 1986. It highlights how the term “Scrum” was inspired by the sport of Rugby, known for its collective teamwork.

Evolution of Scrum

The article discusses how Ken Schwaber and Mike Beedle presented the foundations of Scrum as it is known today in 1995. They co-wrote the book “Agile Software Development with Scrum” in 2001. The Scrum Guide was made available in 2001 and has seen updates over time.

Corporate Scrum

The article acknowledges that the Scrum used in businesses might not adhere to the Scrum Guide strictly, but it adapts to practical needs. It notes the influence of practices like user stories and poker planning from Extreme Programming.

Scrum in Action

The article describes Scrum as an incremental and iterative approach. It explains that development cycles are short and rhythmic, focusing on iterations (sprints) of typically two weeks. It emphasizes that these short iterations allow for quick adaptation, maximum customer feedback, and incremental product development.

Three Pillars of Scrum

The article explains the three pillars of Scrum:

  • Transparency: Sharing all aspects of the process and the overall vision with decision-makers and observers.
  • Inspection: Regularly reviewing progress through various ceremonies and meetings.
  • Adaptation: Adapting processes and the work environment for continuous improvement.

Roles and Ceremonies

The article introduces the three key roles of Scrum: Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team. It describes the main ceremonies that structure sprints: Sprint Planning, Daily Stand-up, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective.

Scrum Artifacts

The article discusses Scrum artifacts, including the Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, Increment, and Definition of Done. It emphasizes the importance of the Product Backlog as a dynamic list of items to be done.


In conclusion, the article invites readers to explore more in-depth articles on Scrum available on the blog. It reminds readers that Scrum is a framework that can be adapted to specific business needs and encourages readers to consider implementing Scrum within their teams.
Useful link: Articles in the French Agile Blog

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About Judicaël Paquet 368 Articles
Judicaël Paquet (agile coach and senior devops) My Engagements in France and Switzerland: - Crafting Agile Transformation Strategies - Tailored Agile Training Programs - Raising Awareness and Coaching for Managers - Assessing Agile Maturity and Situational Analysis - Agile Coaching for Teams, Organizations, Product Owners, Scrum Masters, and Agile Coaches Areas of Expertise: Scrum, Kanban, Management 3.0, Scalability, Lean Startup, Agile Methodology.

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